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Topic: COMPARISON OF MARXIST THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND POSTSTRUCTURALIST EXPLANATIONS OF FOREIGN POLICY
There have been numerous theories that explain the relationship between the international relationship and the foreign policy. The methods try to look into details on the impact of the countries engaged in the global market.
Foreign policies are important tenets of every country’s basis for international trade. A country’s political goals which are basically the foreign policies have to be meticulously set for the sake of transacting international businesses between other counties.( Brewer, T., 2002)They help in protecting the interests of the country in terms of security, ideologies and economically. The cooperation of a country with other countries is dictated by how its foreign policy is formulated.
A country that is prospects of dealing with international trade has to formulate friendly policies that are both beneficial to itself and the foreign country. Foreign policies are formulated projecting goals that promote trade; financial, economic and commercial negotiations; international cooperation and resource exploration.
International markets especially the first world markets are highly depended upon by the developing economies especially third world economies. International markets have a lot to offer in terms of products and human resource. (Skocpol, T. 1980, 158).
Low income countries that have openness to international trade have higher chances of growing economically that those that are not. Their foreign policies on international trade must be flexible enough to propel more imports and exports. A good example is India and China, after realizing the that it has very closed trade policies that barred transaction with China, India lessened and pen up better trade foreign policies that saw trade with China become better and further had significant economic growth.
Foreign policies also have effects in the international markets in terms of technology since entrepreneurs are forced to increase efficiency as they are competing with other international entrepreneurs. When a country has open foreign policies, entrepreneurs are able to shape their niche and productivity. These are of the policies that have led to the rose of markets like Japan, China and the United States.
Policies that support political security are also very to international markets, this is in terms of stability and political interference. Policies that affect the another country’s politically can be limiting in terms of business since other economies may not be very comfortable with their political issues being meddled at hence are negative effect to international trade.
Foreign policies also dictate as to how a country relates to the international bodies like the EU, UN, IMF, and other international accord that have significant effect on international trade and economic stability. This reflects in terms of international negotiation and co-operation since such bodies have ability to control trade blocs and summon trade sanction to certain counties which consequently affects individual trade.
The national government is mandated with the responsibility of safeguarding the interest of the citizens at the international level. The state has the obligation of formulating its foreign policy that is conformity with its moral responsibilities. The ethical foreign policy is a term that is used to describe the manner in which the states should conduct their self-interests at the international level. The foreign policy implemented by the states should help ease the suffering of the citizens of the given state. The foreign policy should serve to increase the understanding, peace and the unity of the country and other countries. The paper will answer the question of whether foreign policy is the ultimate pursuit of the domestic class interest on the international stage.
The two theories put forward illustrates that foreign policy is the ultimately pursuit of the domestic class interest on the international stage. In the explanation the theories have justifies that the government have a role to play in the balance of the international stage. In addition to minimize unnecessary competition the government should embark on foreign policy as it would reduce the competition. To illustrate further the impact of the foreign policy in the pursuit of the domestic class the paper looks at the Marxist theory and the Post structuralism theory
Marxist international relational theory contravenes with realist views about the state co-operation and conflict. The theory focuses on the economic benefit of the country. The theory pupates that all the engagements of the state should be in the interest of its citizens.
Marxism theory is a continuation of the Adam Smith theory who indicated that the government had no interest in engaging in the management activities. (Gold, 1975, 34)He stated that there should be a free market where there is no intervention of the government.
He based his argument on the economic concept of the supply and demand. He also reached his conclusion on the base that any stable market ought to have had competition. (Hobden, 2001, 202) He argued that the lack of state intervention would increase the competition which is important as it would result in the production of high-quality products at a low cost. The government could be doing well in the safeguarding customer’s against the exploitation by the sellers.
Marxism theory contradicts with the supply and demand theory. In Marxism theory emphasizes is made on the ability of the manufacturers to produce an individual product. It is the key that Marxism theory is based. (Wæver, O., 2002, 33)The argument focused on the examination of the relationship between the producer’s ability and the consumers.
The method is designed to minimize the exploitation of the buyers by the sellers. Marxism viewed that the international market faced a lot of imbalances that could only be controlled through the intervention by the government. The government intervention could help reduce the impact of the different financial strength.
Control of international relations could contribute to reducing the exploitation by the baled organization. (Bevir, 2013, 168)Neo-Marxists theory views the international trade regarding production. Production of the state plays a significant role in addressing the social and political interaction of the different states. Marxist theory believes that capitalism makes the states to compete effectively and dominate each other on justifiable grounds. (Adler, 1997, 340)
The theory differs from most of the proposed general approaches. It focuses on single account rather than addressing the whole issue. It calls for the understanding of the international politics as it can give the best option for engaging in the alternatives.
According to the theory, the foreign policy is dependent on the representation and the interpretation by various government organs. (Kearney, 2002, 40) It states that the happening in the different nations should act as reference point for the decision-making. It starts that no absolute one formula can be used to give answers to the issues in the world. With the change in the trend and the way things are done, the methods used in providing the solution should also be adjusted.
The theory focuses on the interpretation of the global policy n providing an infrastructure for increased stability and power. The theory believes that the knowledge results into power. It advocates for increased knowledge as it would increase the global production.
In theory, the state is regarded as an essential player in the international market. Its influence determines the level of the activity the companies engage in the market. (Diez, 2014, 325)The theory gives an insight that the government can shape any market in any desired way. It advocates for structures that will ensure that the market has an affair share. The theories argue that the structure in place are the once that define the international market.
Comparisons of the two theories
The two theories have a common intention that is the improvement of the lives of the citizens. The theories give a hint that the government that then trade should be uniform to ensure that all persons can sell actually. The theories believe that the market currently faces an imbalance brought about by different financial powers of the competitors. Such skills may hinder the trading among the states. (Kubálková, 2001)The weaker side may be disadvantaged.
The theories also compare in that they believe the international policy should promote more co-operation between the buyers and the sellers. Providing a conducive trading space will make the countries avoid unnecessary competition between different personalities. (Hill, 2003)
The theories also agree on the role of the government in ensuring that there is freedom among persons of different nations. The theories point out that freedom is paramount to with globalization the world trade has been affected a lot. (Almond, 1960) The foreign policy in both cases will help reduce the negative impact of the globalization.
The two theories advocate for a free market. They term the government intervention as paramount in ensuring that there is a balance of the trade affairs. If the theories are adopted, it can result into better global interactions.
Adopting the theories will amice the market have a uniformity that will result in creased sales of the products .It will provide an environment that will enable the supply and demand to shape the market which is beneficial to all the players in the ,market. The move will make it possible for the quality of the product to be the main determinant of the sales. In this context power of the purchaser will be guaranteed.
The end result will be production of high quality products. Unnecessary competition will be eradicated as the company will only base their competition on the customer’s perception of their products. The negative impact brought by the financial ability of the organizations will be slowed through the exposure of a free market.
The whole result will be increased sales and growth of all the industries in the state.
This is important in the creation of the employment and ensuring the states become self sufficient. Growth of the industries in addition means higher income that will make the countries to gain more funds to boast their operations.
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