This exam is worth 200 points.

Please respond to each question in approximately 200 words or less.

Part One: The Clash of Cultures (100 points)

  1. Select a current event (e.g., entertainment, political, national/local news stories, etc.) in which there is a clash of cultures involving group identities. The group identity does not have to be racial or ethnic, but may also include groups based on gender, political or religious affiliations, sexual orientation, etc. Designate one group as “Culture A” and the other as “Culture B.”

Provide an objective and concise overview of the presenting problem. What is the event or incident that triggered the clash?

  1. What message is Culture A trying to convey? What are the important issues and what would it mean to them to see their desires fulfilled? What is the fear if these desires are not fulfilled? In what ways might they be blind to their own contributions to the problem?
  2. What message is Culture B trying to convey? What are the important issues and what would it mean to them to see their desires fulfilled? What is the fear if these desires are not fulfilled? In what ways might they be blind to their own contributions to the problem?
  3. Evaluate the situation from the perspective of the Tao or Natural Law. What objective values do each culture appeal to (e.g., Special Beneficence, Justice, Truthfulness, etc.)? What additional values would be important to the conversation? In your response, demonstrate that these values are universal and not limited by ethnocentric mono culturalism.
  4. What recommendations would you make to move forward? How might each culture embrace mutual responsibility? Does the situation require an innovative solution unique to both cultures? If you believe one culture is “right,” make sure you show this from the perspective of the Tao or Natural Law.

Part Two (100 points)

  1. Respond to this question regardless of your race/ethnicity. What does it mean to be White?
  2. Respond to this question regardless of your race/ethnicity. What does it mean to be Black?
  3. Individuals who are multiracial often experience racial ambiguity. How might this ambiguity impact a multiracial individual? In your response, discuss the concept of racial identity invalidation as it relates to multiracial individuals. In your own words, what are the implications for counseling practice?
  4. Let’s say you have a Latino male client in his early twenties. His Christian faith is important to him and he also experiences same-sex attractions. In keeping with his traditional Christian values, he wants to be married someday in a heterosexual marriage. However, he worries his church community, family, and possible future spouse would think he is “gay” and reject him if they found out about his attractions. As a result, he experiences times of depression, anxiety, and loneliness. How would you proceed in counseling this client? What would be some of the challenges in working with the overlap of his multiple identities and experiences?
  5. How has this course impacted your personal life and your professional attitude/approach to counseling?
  6. Discuss the differences between an attitude and a mood. What are the implications for persuasion?
  7. Using Chapter 3, briefly discuss the non-verbal codes, expectancy violations theory and how non-verbal codes help shape our thoughts about interracial relationships.
  8. Using Chapter 4, discuss the co-creation of identity. Briefly describe symbolic interactionism and the communication theory of identity.
  9. Using Chapter 5, discuss intersectionality. How does a person determine which identify is most salient at a given moment?
  10. Using Chapter 6, discuss the effort to theorize interracial communication. Also, describe each of theories listed below:
  11. Critical Race Theory
  12. Co-cultural Theory
  13. Communication Accommodation Theory